This lecture examines two cities, both capitals of empires in Central Mexico: the monumental city of Tula, capital of the Toltec, and the floating city of Tenochtitlan, capital of the Mexica. With the Toltec and Mexica we arrive to hierarchical societies in which monumental core buildings speak to the power of the rulers and elites. In Tenochtitlán, the ceremonial center is set apart from the common folk as they literally float around in artificial islands called chinampas. We discuss city as a floating, artificial landscape of extraction, whose traces are still present in present day Mexico City.
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