Lecture Abstract: Almost all Latin American countries, declared their independence in the first half of nineteenth century. From that moment, these young American nations, ruled by elites of enlightened “Criollos”, began to look to European countries as models (especially France, England and Germany). Together with these new models, many European fashions and tastes came into Latin America, which had a huge impact on customs, arts and, of course, architecture (particularly in large cities). Among these European fashions, several of them were linked to the Islamic world (literary maurofilia, orientalist painting and neo-Arab architecture, decoration and furnishing). This type of architecture was generally focused on particular uses inferred form the imaginary of the Arab world, such as: Smoking rooms Bathhouses All kind of spaces dedicated to leisure, as billiard rooms or recreational pavilions Plazas de toros (because of the association of bullfighting as a Spanish-Arab tradition) At the same time, many governments developed a policy for attracting immigrants. As a consequence, thousands of people from the Islamic World (Muslims, Christians and Jews) migrated to Latin America. They often built their houses, temples, commercial and community buildings using the neo-Arab style as an identity mark that recalled them their places of origin. So, in this period we have two really different Islamic links, first as an exotic fashion (used and built by non-Arabs) and then as an Identity mark of Arab immigrants. Units of Lecture 3 1. Neoarabic Architecture in Latin America 2. Neo Andalusian Architecture in Latin America 3. Architecture of Arab (or Arab influenced) Immigrants in Latin America 4. Neo Mudejar or Neo Arab Bullfight Arenas in Latin America
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